The Cosmic Dance of Shiva Nataraja, Lord of the dance in six you tube video presentation. It is symbolism of the dancing proton, neutron and electron. Click on the link below for the dance.
The Cosmic Dance: Parallels Between Modern Physics, Eastern Mysticism and Process Philosophy
December 30, 2008 by Deborah
“I am God. I do not recognize the hell. I do not recognize the three worlds of heaven, hell and earth. I am the Lord, the Controller. I am still the witness after everything else is dissolved. Nobody else is God for me; nobody else controls me. I am I-less, I am my-less. ” Sankara
In this article I hope to demonstrate some parallels between modern Physics, Eastern Mysticism, and Barbour’s ideas based on Process Philosophy. I will examine the three perspectives within the context of the dynamic interplay of energies, the emergent and convergent universe, and finally the transcendence of God.
According to Classical Physics, Newton’s mechanical model views the world as deterministic. All that transpires in the universe has a definite cause, giving rise to a categorical effect. The philosophical basis of Classical Physics is a fundamental division between the “I” and the “world,” the dichotomy of the subject and object.
The world is in motion with respect to fixed laws, according to which material points move. This mechanistic model is adequate for the description of physical phenomena at a submicroscopic level, where essentially, protons, neutrons, and electrons are the material particles that interact with finite space and linear time to effect movement in the world (Capra: 1972, 56-62). At the atomic level, the actions of atoms can be determined; however as quantum physics shows even at this level the reaction cannot be predetermined, for even the observer can have an impact on the outcome or results.
The first three decades of our century have seen a radical transformation of the entire interpretation of physics based on Einstein’s theory of relativity and quantum physics. Modern physics has shattered all the principle concepts of the Classical world view based on universal order and fixed laws. The theory of relativity and quantum theory have transformed our view of absolute space and time, elementary solid particles, the causal nature of physical phenomena, and the objective description of nature (62-63).
In 1905, Albert Einstein initiated the two revolutionary trends of thought in the theory of relativity and the beginning of the quantum theory. (The complete quantum theory was worked out twenty years later by a team of physicists. In quantum theory one deals with the probability of finding a particle at a given position. The theory attempts to combine the principles of quantum mechanics with those of relativity in an effort to describe processes such as high-energy collisions in which particles may be created or destroyed). Even though Einstein refuted classical understanding of the universe, he still advocated nature’s intrinsic harmony and integrated foundation. The physicist replaced the erroneous constants of the past, showing that they were only relative, but nevertheless made the speed of light a constant in his physics. He tried to located God’s order in a universal, while through his theory of relativity, constancy of time and space were disproved. Einstein, therefore, commented that God does not place dice, so that the natural world is comprised of total harmony and order, and nothing is left to chance.
According to the relativity theory, time is not a separate entity; moreover, space is not three-dimensional. Both are interconnected and a four-dimensional continuum emerges as time-space, as space and time lose their absolute significance. In contrast to the classical theory of absolute space and, absolute time, the modern theory of physics emerges, where both space and time become elements of language used by a particular observer. The most important consequence of Modern Physics is the realization that mass and even matter are nothing but forms of energy. Matter can through processes change into energy and vice versa, challenging the materialist conception of the universe based on static, tangible perception of matter, and even matter itself must be rediefined as it has changed into something dynamic and fluid.
Furthermore, space can never be separated from time as the latter is affected by the presence of matter. l Both space and time however are flowing at different rates in different parts of the universe. For example, the mass or weight of a human being is not inseparable ffrom space, so that a 160 lbs. man on earth may weigh only 60 lbs on the moon, and 300 lbs. on Jupiter. Clearly, the space that the human body occupies influences its mass. The Classical concept of absolute space and time is also nullified, since the force of gravity, according to Einstein’s theory of relativity, has the effect of curving space and time. Clearly, the relativity theory has revolutionized our interpretation of physical phenomena. The classical distinction between matter and energy is discarded in favour of the contemporary idea that matter can transform into energy and vice versa; therefore there can only be conversion among the different forms of matter and energy, even if neither is actually unchanging (62-70).
From the perspective of the quantum theory, the classical deterministic laws of nature have been dismantled. In contrast to the Classical view of solid material objects, quantum theory interprets phenomena as wave-like patterns of probabilities. The probabilities are not of “things” but rather probabilities of interconnections. Subatomic particles have no existence as concrete, isolated entities. Phenomenal reality can only be understood in terms of the probability of interconnections. Quantum theory, thus, reveals an essential unity of the universe. The world cannot be deconstructed into independently isolated “building blocks.” Rather, a dynamic interplay exists between the various parts of the whole. These relations also include the “observer.” The human observer becomes the final link in the chain of observational processes, since an essential interconnection exists in all phenomena. The attraction between positive and negative forces emerges as a vigorous interplay of energy waves that order the phenomenal world. The property of matter and light becomes concomitantly “particle” and energy “waves,” spread over a large region of space. The energy of heat radiation continuously appears as energy packets. Einstein calls them “quanta” and recognizes them as an essential aspect of nature (68-81).
According to the relativistic quantum field theory, particle and field are complementary manifestations of one and the same thing. The relativistic field theory asserts that:
“the ultimate material reality that physics can apprehend is the ‘field’ and in the aspect of the quantum field, it is both a continuum and a discontinuum, the discontinuities being temporary condensations of space-time where the field is unusually intense giving rise to matter (Pantda: 1991, 154).